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How to choose the best running shoe

All runners have a different type of gait cycle that determines which is the best running shoe to support the impact of their foot against the ground. Normal pronation is when the foot makes contact with the ground at the outside of the heel and rolls inwards at fifteen per cent before pushing off evenly at the front of the foot.

Overpronation occurs when the foot rolls inwards at too great an angle, putting added pressure on the ankle and the two big toes when the foot is positioned for push off.

Underpronation occurs when the foot fails to roll to fifteen per cent and the impact is concentrated on the outside of the foot and the small toes are forced to do the bulk of the work when the foot is positioned for push off.

Runners with an underpronated to normal gait cycle perform best in cushioned running shoes. These provide support to the midsole area.

Runners who overpronate should opt for motion-control shoes as these provide extra support to the foot on the medial (arch) side. They also provide extra support and offer increased durability to heavy runners or runners carrying extra weight. Runners who overpronate tend to have low arches (also known as flat feet).

For runners looking for the best running shoe for speed work, lightweight performance training shoes are an option as long as its for a normal to moderate overpronation.

For added traction and weather resistant features, off road and cross country trail shoes offer the best protection.

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