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Understanding the Phenomenon of American Football

American football is an American sport played using an oval pigskin ball on a rectangular field. The game is played with 11 players on each team. The format of the game is broken down into 4 periods of 15 minutes each. The goal of the game is to score as many points as possible by making touchdowns. Football players use protective equipment which includes a helmet, shoulder pads and knee pads. American football is a multi-billion dollar sports industry.

Football History

The game started around 1869.  Two university teams, Rutgers and Princeton University, met in New Brunswick, New Jersey. They combined the rules of soccer and rugby. In 1880, the first rules of the competition were formulated, which have been modified repeatedly. By the early 1900’s, American football had become one of the most popular sports in colleges and universities. Today, every university in the United States has a football team.

Professional Players

The first professional football player was William Heffelfinger. In 1920, the "American Professional Football Association" was founded which included 12 teams from five states. Since 1922, the main professional organization of American football has been called the National Football League (NFL). There are many professional teams in the United States now. These teams represent different divisions by location in the north, south, east and west.

Buffalo Bills

The Buffalo Bills football team is based in New York. In 1960, the team began competitive play. In 1970, they joined the NFL. In 1964 and 1965, the Buffalo Bills won two titles in the American Football League. Since then, the team hasn’t won a league championship.

Baltimore Ravens

The Baltimore Ravens is a professional football club that plays in the Northern Division of the American Football Conference of the National Football League. The team was founded in 1996 and got its name from the works of Edgar Allan Poe. Their best season the team had was in the year 2000.

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